History and Facts About Nicotine

Nicotine is the substance in tobacco that causes dependence. Nicotine first stimulates and then depresses the central nervous system. Stimulation occurs due to the release of norepinephrine and because it mimics the action of acetylcholine. It stimulates nerve endings rapidly, but is not removed from the receptors very quickly. As a result, it then creates depression of the CNS, caused by blocked nerve activity Once tobacco is inhaled it only takes seven seconds to reach the brain.

Nicotine is the main psychoactive compound in tobacco. It is the second most used stimulant behind caffeine. The nicotine content ranges from 0.3% to 7% depending on the variety of tobacco, as well as the leaf position on the stalk (the higher the leaf position, the higher the concentration). The average cigarette contains between 0.05 to 2.5 mg of nicotine. The smoker who inhales the smoke gets about 90% of the nicotine in the bloodstream, 60 milligrams of nicotine can be fatal.

Tobacco leaves have been smoked, chewed and sniffed in the Western world for only 400 year, though Native American Indians have used it for centuries. Tobacco reached Europe after the return of Columbus from the New World. Tobacco was descriped as a holy, healing herb, a remedy sent by God to man. It was also descriped as a evil plant, an invention of the devil.

For more information contact us at 624 N Shore Rd, Absecon, NJ or Five Greentree Centre Suite 104, Route 73, Marlton, NJ

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What’s in a Cigarette

  • Tar - a mixture of chemicals (formaldehyde, arsenic and cyanide to name a few). About 70% of the tar is left in smokers’ lungs when they inhale cigarette smoke and this causes many serious lung diseases.
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) - an odourless, tasteless and poisonous gas. It makes breathing more difficult as it combines with the body’s blood which carries oxygen around the body. Oxygen is essential for our bodies to work properly. Up to 15% of a smoker’s blood may be carrying CO instead of oxygen, which means the heart has to work harder, which can cause coronary heart disease and circulation problems.
  • Acetone - widely used as a solvent, for example in nail polish remover.
  • Ammonia - is found in cleaning fluids.
  • Arsenic - a deadly poison, used in insecticides.
  • Formaldehyde - used to preserve dead bodies.
  • Cadmium - a highly poisonous metal used in batteries.
  • Shellac - becomes a wood varnish when mixed with a form of alcohol.
  • Benzene - used as a solvent in fuel and chemical production.
  • Cyanide- gas chamber posion
  • Methoprene- bug killer
  • For more information contact us at 624 N Shore Rd, Absecon, NJ or Five GreentreeCentre Suite 104, Route 73, Marlton, NJ  1.866.217.1152